How to install Windows from the I386 folder

Most people cannot figure out how to install Windows XP, 2000, or 2003 from the I386 folder. It is really quite simple. They are looking for a file named Setup.exe or Install.exe. Well, it’s neither of them. If you have Vista or 2008 or newer like Windows 7 there is no I386 folder that you can install from.

I guess Microsoft did not want just anyone to install Windows without inserting the CD and using the Autorun. But Autorun does not work if you are installing from a DOS window, so now what.

OK, here it is plain and simple, if you open the I386 folder and scroll down to the W’s you will find Winnt.exe and Winnt32.exe. The Winnt32.exe is the setup program used when you are in Windows. The Winnt.exe file is for DOS.

However, I have found that sometimes I run across a Windows 2000 installation CD that errors out when I try to use the Winnt32.exe. So I simple start the install while in Windows using the Winnt.exe file. It’s a little slower but it works fine.

If you want to install the Recovery Console, you need to use the switch /cmdcon when starting Winnt32.exe. This switch only works on the Winnt32.exe file.

Below is a list of switches that you can use, Winnt32.exe can handle up to 8 switches.

/a Enables accessibility options. This option is not recommended for most users
/e: command Specifies a command that is to be executed at the end of GUI-mode Setup. Commonly used to launch automated application setup routines to complete the installation
/i: inffile Specifies the file name of the setup information file. By default, this is Dosnet.inf. This option is not recommended
/r: folder Specifies that a folder is created during setup. The folder remains after Setup finishes.
/rx: folder Copies a folder you create into the system folder. This option is generally used to copy drivers that are not part of the standard Windows 2000 distribution, and can be used multiple times to copy multiple folders The folder is deleted after Setup finishes
/s: sourcepath Specifies the location of the Windows source files. The location must be a full path of the form w:\[path] or \\server\share[\path] This option is required only if the files are not located in the current folder.
/t: tempdrive Specifies which partition setup will use to store temporary files. This option is not recommended. If you do not specify a location, Setup attempts to locate a drive for you.
/u: answer file Performs an unattended Setup using an answer file. Answer files are used to bypass the interactive questions asked of the user during setup and can even be used to automate the setup process completely. You must also use /s . with this switch
/udf: id [, UDB_file] Indicates an identifier ( id ) that Setup uses to specify how a Uniqueness Database (UDB) file modifies an answer file (see /u ). The /udf parameter overrides values in the answer file, and the identifier determines which values in the UDB file are used. If no UDB_file is specified, Setup prompts you to insert a disk that contains the $Unique$.udb file.
/checkupgradeonly Checks the target machine for upgrade compatibility with Windows. For Windows 9x or ME Setup creates a report named Upgrade.txt in the Windows installation folder. For Windows NT 3.51 or 4.0 upgrades, it saves the report to the Winnt32.log in the installation folder.
/cmd:command_line Allows you to specify a command before the final phase of Setup. This would occur after your computer has restarted twice and after Setup has collected the necessary configuration information, but before Setup is complete.
/cmdcons Installs the Recovery Console It is only used post-Setup.
/copydir:folder_name Creates an additional folder within the folder in which the Windows files are installed. You can use /copydir to create as many additional folders as you want.
/copysource:folder_name Creates a temporary additional folder within the folder in which the Windows files are installed. Unlike the folders /copydir creates, /copysource folders are deleted after Setup completes.
/debug level : [filename ] Creates a debug log at the level specified. The default log file is C:\ %Windir%\Winnt32.log, with the debug level set to 2. The log levels are as follows: 0-severe errors, 1-errors, 2-warnings, 3-information, and 4-detailed information for debugging. Each level includes the levels below it.
/m: folder_name Specifies that Setup copies replacement files from an alternate location. Instructs Setup to look in the alternate location first and if files are present, use them instead of the files from the default location.
/makelocalsource Copies all installation source files to your local hard disk. Use /makelocalsourcewhen installing from a CD to provide installation files when the CD is not available later in the installation.
/noreboot Instructs Setup to not restart the computer after the file copy phase of winnt32 is completed so that you can execute another command.
/s: sourcepath Specifies the source location of the Windows files. To simultaneously copy files from multiple servers, specify multiple /s sources. If you use multiple /s switches, the first specified server must be available or Setup will fail.
/tempdrive:drive_letter Directs Setup to place temporary files on the specified partition and to install Windows on that partition.
/unattend Upgrades your previous version of Windows. All user settings are taken from the previous installation, so no user intervention is required during Setup.
/unattend num :answer_file ] Performs a fresh installation in unattended Setup mode. The answer file provides Setup with your custom specifications. Num is the number of seconds between the time that Setup finishes copying the files and when it restarts your computer.Answer_file is the name of the answer file.
/udf: id ,UDB_file] Indicates an identifier ( id ) that Setup uses to specify how a Uniqueness Database (UDB) file modifies an answer file (see /u ). The /udf parameter overrides values in the answer file, and the identifier determines which values in the UDB file are used. If no UDB_file is specified, Setup prompts you to insert a disk that contains the $Unique$.udb file.

Pasted from <>… The T-shirt says it all! :D

Just saw this yesterday when I was going through Awesome reply to everyone who is trying to get the beautiful website offline!!
The message reads “I spent months of time and millions of dollars to close down The Pirate Bay and all I’ll get is this beautiful t-shirt!”
It’s as good as saying: Up-Urs!! Hahaha

Quotes of the Day

I respect faith, but doubt is what gets you an education.
— Wilson Mizner

Examinations are formidable even to the best prepared, for the greatest fool may ask more than the wisest man can answer.
— Charles Caleb Colton

Politics is made up largely of irrelevancies.
— Dalton Camp

Joel: That’s the movies, Ed. Try reality.
Ed: No thanks.
— Ellen Herman, Northern Exposure, Only You, 1991

Disable Windows Search Indexing

If you don’t use Windows XP’s built-in search often; (like every day), disabling indexing can significantly speed up your PC.

By default Windows XP indexes files on your hard drive and stores them in memory to speed up its’ built-in search. But if you rarely use Windows search, turn off indexing to free up memory and CPU horsepower for the files and applications you actually do use. A few simple how-to steps after the jump.

To turn off indexing:

  1. Open up “My Computer.”
  2. Right-click on your hard drive (usually “C:”) and choose “Properties.”
  3. Uncheck the box at the bottom that reads “Allow Indexing Service to…”
  4. Click OK, and files will be removed from memory. This removal may take a few minutes to complete.

To disable the indexing service:

  1. In the “Start” menu, choose “Run.”
  2. Type “services.msc” and press Enter.
  3. Scroll-down to “Indexing Service” and double-click it.
  4. If the service status is “Running”, then stop it by pressing the “Stop” button.
  5. To make sure this service doesn’t run again, under “Startup Type:”, choose “Disabled.”

Windows search will still work if you perform these steps, but it will work more slowly than if indexing was enabled.

Windows update grayed out


When you open the Automatic Updates tab in My Computer Property sheet, or from Control Panel, all of the Automatic Updates configuration options may be grayed out. This happens due to any of the following reasons:

  1. You’re not logged on as Administrator (or equivalent)
  2. Automatic Updates Policy is enabled
  3. Automatic Updates (and Windows Update) access is blocked via Group Policy


To make the Automatic Updates options configurable by the user (only for stand-alone systems), remove the restrictions 23 above.

  • Click Start, Run and type REGEDIT.EXE
  • Navigate to this location:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Policies \ Microsoft \ Windows \ WindowsUpdate \ AU

  • In the right-pane, delete the two values AUOptions and NoAutoUpdate
  • Navigate to this location:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \ Policies \ WindowsUpdate

  • In the right-pane, delete the value DisableWindowsUpdateAccess

Using the Group Policy Editor – for Windows XP Professional

  • Click Start, Run and type gpedit.msc
  • Navigate to the following location:

    => Computer Configuration

    ==> Administrative Templates

    ===> Windows Components

    ====> Windows Update

  • In the right-pane, double-click Configure Automatic Updates and set it to Not Configured
  • Then, navigate to this location:

    => User Configuration

    ==> Administrative Templates

    ===> Windows Components

    ====>  Windows Update

  • In the right-pane, set Remove access to all Windows Update features to Not Configured

More Information

Configure Automatic Updates corresponds to AUOptions registry value. More information on this Policy can be obtained from here

Remove access to all Windows Update features corresponds toDisableWindowsUpdateAccess registry value. Also, when this Policy is enabled, the following errors are shown when accessing the Windows Update, depending upon the way you access the Windows Update page.

Network policy settings prevent you from using Windows Update to download and install updates on your computer. If you believe you have received this message in error, please check with your system administrator.


Error Windows Update was disabled by your system administrator.

More information on this policy can be obtained here.

Pasted from <>

How to download Google Chrome for offline installation

Ever had a problem while installing Chrome? So many times the installation fails due to a proxy blocking your Chrome download or a simple firewall blocking access to the software. How to get Chrome in such a scenario?

It’s pretty simple, just go to and Agree to the terms and condition and download your software and install it offline or any machine. No need to download the software on each an every machine. Just download once and execute it on all machines in your current setup! 🙂

Rare Old Mumbai Photos

Churchgate Station 1910

Churchgate Station 1930

Apollo Bunder Now Gateway of India

Asiatic Town Hall

Once Ballard Pier was a Railway Station

Frontier Mail Leaving Ballard Pier

Mumbai Kalbadevi Road

Bullock Carts on Mumbai Streets

Colaba was Destination Railway Station.

Colaba Reclamation

Cuff Parade

Oval Maidan New Churhgate , 1930

Gowalia Tank

Queens Road

Marine Drive , 1930

Victoria Terminus now CST

Victoria Terminus now CST

Governer of Bombay , Walkeshwar

Wilson College , Chowpaty

Steam Engines at Parel Shed

EMU rake at Elphistone

Train Standing at Dadar Station

Train Standing at Mumbai Central Yard

Train Passing over Bhyander Bridge

Train Coming out of Parsik Tunnel , Thane